ESPE Abstracts (2021) 94 P2-53

ESPE2021 ePoster Category 2 Adrenals and HPA Axis (57 abstracts)

Mutation of NROB1 and Double mutants in cis of CYP21A2 gene in a Chinese boy with primary adrenal insufficiency

Huamei MA 1,2 , Rujiang ZHENG 1 , Zhixin Chen 1 , Song Guo 1 , Jun Zhang 1 , Qiuli Chen 1 & Yanhong LI 1


1The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat Sen University, Guangzhou, China; 2Rujiang, ZHENG, China

Background: X-linked Adrenal Hypoplasia Congenita (AHC) is a very rare hereditary cause of pediatric primary adrenal insufficiency (PAI). Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) due to 21-hydrolase deficiency(21OHD) is most common hereditary cause of pediatric PAI with autodominal recessive inheritance.

Objective: To present a Chinese boy with PAI with the pathogenic mutation of NROB1 and Double mutants in cis of CYP21A2 gene

Methods: Mutational analysis of CYP21A2 by Sanger sequencing and MLPA,tartget sequencing for PAI gene by NGS.

Patient and Results: The one-month-old boy was the third child (birth weight, 2.9 kg, full term) of non-consanguineous healthy parents of Chinese Han ethnicity, who presented with salt losing adrenal insufficiency early in two days of life in local hospital. On physical examination, marked skin pigmentation was noted, with normal looking male genitalia. Hormonal evaluation revealed ACTH>440.4 pmol/l, cortisol 100.0nmol/l, P 0.3ng/ml,17(OH)P 2.89ng/ml, Androstenedione>35 nmol/l, Na 113.1 mmol/l, Cl 79.8 mmol/l, K 5.98 mmol/l. CAH 21OHD was suspected and CYP21A2 gene mutation analysis was performed by Sanger sequencing and MLPA. Treatment was started with oral hydrocortisone (10-15 mg/m2/day), 9α-fluorocortisol (0.1mg/day), and salt supplementation (NaCl 1g/day). 1 month later, CYP21A2 gene analysis showed two pathogenic mutations c.844G>T & c.920-921linsT, and the patient was diagnosed with CAH 21OHD in local hospital. The boy started growing properly. At 6-month-old, serum androstenedione was less than 1.5 nmol/l. At one-year old, he came to us and was admitted to our hospital for precise diagnosis, with oral hydrocortisone (9.2 mg/m2/day) and 9α-fluorocortisol (0.1 mg/day). Plasma ACTH>440.4 pmol/l, cortisol <0.08ug/dL, P <0.1 ng/ml, 17(OH)P 0.08 ng/ml, Androstenedione<1.5 nmol/l, DHEAs 0.08umol/L, T<0.13ng/ml, Na 138.0 mmol/l, Glu 4.9 mmol/l, K 4.8 mmol/l, normal plasma renin(55pg/ml). The adrenal glands was normal on abdominal ultrasound. Parental mutational analysis of CYP21A2 showed the same two mutation in the father, nor in the mother, indicaticating the patient carried double mutants of CYP21A2 in cis, which cannot explain the patient’s clinical symptoms. Tartget sequencing for PAI gene was requseted and a heterozygous maternal pathogenic mutation of c.610G>T [p.(Glu204*) was found to NROB1 exon 1. X-linked AHC was determined.

Conclusions: We identified a mutation of NROB1 in a Chinese boy with PAI carrying double mutants in cis of CYP21A2 gene. Slightly elevated 17OHP and high level of Androstenedione in the early stage may be contributed to the double mutants in cis of CYP21A2 gene.

Volume 94

59th Annual ESPE (ESPE 2021 Online)

22 Sep 2021 - 26 Sep 2021

European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology 

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