ESPE Abstracts (2023) 97 P1-255

ESPE2023 Poster Category 1 Fat, Metabolism and Obesity (97 abstracts)

Comparison of triglyceride-glucose index and HOMA-IR for predicting severity of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease in Korean children and adolescents

Eun Young Kim 1 & Il Tae Hwang 2

1Department of Pediatrics, Chosun University College of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea, Republic of. 2Department of Pediatrics, Hallym University School of Medicine, Seoul, Korea, Republic of

Background: Triglyceride-glucose (TyG) index is known as a reliable insulin resistance surrogate marker to identify non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Ultrasonographic fatty liver indicator (US-FLI) is proposed as a non-invasive, semi-quantitative method for predicting hepatitis in patients with NAFLD and accurately identifies histological severity. Few studies have compared the TyG index to homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in the detection of NAFLD in children and adolescents. Additionally, there were no studies comparing the ability of TyG index and HOMA-IR to assess the severity of NAFLD.

Objects: We investigated the relationship between TyG index and NAFLD compared to HOMA-IR in identifying and assessing the severity of NAFLD in children and adolescents.

Methods: Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was used as the screening method for NAFLD (>26IU/L in boys and >22IU/L in girls), and US-FLI was performed on children who met these criteria. The US-FLI is a scoring system ranging 2-8 that evaluates based on intensity of liver/kidney contrast, posterior attenuation of ultrasound beam, vessel blurring, difficult visualization of gallbladder wall, difficult visualization of the diaphragm and areas of focal sparing. NAFLD is diagnosed by the minimum score ≥2. Healthy children of normal weight (body mass index 5-85th percentile) without metabolic comorbidities and no steatosis on ultrasound participated as a control group. TyG index was calculated as ln(fasting triglyceride (TG) [mg/dL] × fasting glucose [mg/dL]/2).

Results: A total of 130 NAFLD patients (90 boys and 40 girls) included in this study, with mean age of 11.5±2.29 years. The control group consisted of a total of 28 subjects (17 boys and 11 girls) with mean age of 8.39±1.60 years. The US-FLI was significantly correlated with TyG index (r= 0.264, P=0.003) but not with HOMA-IR after controlling for sex, age, and BMI. Multiple linear regression analysis showed that TyG index were significantly associated with US-FLI (β=0.202, P=0.002) not with HOMA-IR after controlling for sex, age, and BMI. The TyG index was superior to HOMA-IR in its ability to detect the severity of NAFLD in US-FLI ≥4, ≥5, and ≥6.

Conclusion: TyG index and HOMA-IR were useful for detecting pediatric NAFLD. However, the TyG index was useful for detecting the severity of NAFLD, whereas HOMA-IR was not. Therefore, we propose to use the TyG index to predict and evaluate the severity of NAFLD in children.

Volume 97

61st Annual ESPE (ESPE 2023)

The Hague, Netherlands
21 Sep 2023 - 23 Sep 2023

European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology 

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