ESPE Abstracts (2023) 97 P1-173

University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Introduction: Complete Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome (CAIS) is characterized by a complete external genitalia appearance and testicular development in 46,XY individuals harboring pathogenic allelic variants in the AR gene. Due to growing evidence regarding the low risk of germ cell tumors (GCT) in AIS. Prophylactic gonadectomy has been debatable in the CAIS management, mainly due to the absence of an accurate biomarker for GCT.

Objective: to evaluate the presurgical pelvic MRI data with the histopathological exams of gonads from CAIS patients who underwent prophylactic gonadectomy in order to identify predictive factors of GCT development.

Methods: We evaluated 30 gonads from 15 CAIS patients with proven AR mutation. All performed pelvic MRI before gonadectomy through the same MRI machine and were included in the MRI data analysis. Three blinded radiologists specialize in urology performed the image analysis. The immunohistochemical markers PLAP, c-KIT, OCT3/4, SALL4, ER, alpha-inhibin, CD99, and calretinin were performed.

Results: Nine (60%) performed gonadectomy after puberty (>16 years old). We identified one case of classical seminoma and one case of Sertoli cell neoplasia (at 18 and 19 years of age, respectively). Overall, the prevalence of neoplasia was 13.3%. No case of premalignant intratubular germ cell neoplasia was detected. Histological data revealed a high prevalence of benign lesions (xx%), all of them bilateral. Leydig Cell Hyperplasia (67%), stromal fibrosis (53%), and Sertoli Cell nodules (47%), hamartomatous nodules (40%) and paratesticular cysts (67%) which are more frequent after puberty (P<.01). MRI detected heterogeneity in all cases harboring hamartomatous nodules, Sertoli cell nodules, and testicular neoplasia. Regarding the MRI data, the presence of testicular cystic mass (by tumoral necrosis) on MRI and tumor size (higher among malignancies) correlated with malignancy (P=.008 and P=.03, respectively), whereas gonadal location (inguinal/abdominal), presence of solid nodules, T2WI and postcontrast features, nodule diffusion restriction, and presence of perigonadal cysts did not. Chronological age >16 years was associated with malignancy with a 4.3 OR (1.6 – 11.69).

Conclusion: Pelvic MRI is able to detect gonadal nodules in CAIS patients, regardless of the gonad position, but most nodules are benign. Testicular malignancy should be suspicious in the presence of testicular cystic mass and large testis size in CAIS patients after puberty.

Volume 97

61st Annual ESPE (ESPE 2023)

The Hague, Netherlands
21 Sep 2023 - 23 Sep 2023

European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology 

Browse other volumes

Article tools

My recent searches

No recent searches.