hrp0086rfc12.8 | Neuroendocrinology | ESPE2016

Circulating MKRN3 Levels Decline During Puberty in Healthy Boys

Busch Alexander S. , Hagen Casper P. , Almstrup Kristian , Juul Anders

Background: Initiation and progression of puberty requires concerted action of activating and inhibiting factors. Recently, cases of central precocious puberty have been linked to loss-of-function mutations of makorin RING-finger protein 3 (MKRN3) indicating a pivotal inhibitory role of MKRN3 on GnRH secretion.Objective and hypotheses: To investigate peripubertal circulating MKRN3 levels in healthy boys.Method: Healthy boys (n<...

hrp0084fc14.4 | Puberty | ESPE2015

Genetic Variation of AMH Signaling Affects AMH and Inhibin B Levels in Healthy Peripubertal Girls

Hagen Casper P , Almstrup Kristian , Main Katharina M , Juul Anders

Background: Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is produced by small growing ovarian follicles. It inhibits both FSH induced maturation of follicles as well as aromatase activity. Genetic variation of AMH signalling is associated with age at menopause and circulating oestradiol levels, i.e. AMH rs10407022 T>G (intragenic) and AMHR2 rs11170547 C>T (putative enhancer).Objective and hypotheses: This present study aims to investigate ...

hrp0092p1-399 | Pituitary, Neuroendocrinology and Puberty (2) | ESPE2019

Pubertal Events, Reproductive and Growth Hormones and Predictive Factors in Healthy Girls with Transient Thelarche.

Soto Julio , Pereira Ana , Busch Alexander , Almstrup Kristian , Corvalan Camila , Juul Anders , Mericq Veronica

Context: Transient thelarche (TT) corresponds to the appearance, regression and subsequent reappearance of the breast bud in girls. Only a single study about its frequency and progression is available (Lindhardt Johansen JCEM 2017).Objective and Hypotheses: To determine whether girls with TT girls (group 1) compared to girls without TT (group 2) show differences in i) timing/sequence of pubertal events ii) pattern of rep...

hrp0084p1-116 | Puberty | ESPE2015

FSHB/FSHR Genetic Variants alter Serum FSH Levels and Prepubertal Ovarian Follicular Growth in Healthy Girls

Busch Alexander S , Hagen Casper P , Almstrup Kristian , Main Katharina M , Juul Anders

Background: Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) related to genes encoding the FSHβ subunit and FSH receptor (FSHB/FSHR) affect FSH production (FSHB c.-211G>T) and receptor sensitivity/expression in vitro (FSHR c.2039A>G & FSHR c.-29G>A). FSHR c.2039A>G, but not FSHR c.-29G>A, is associated with increased FSH levels in adult women, while there are conflicting results on F...

hrp0084p2-497 | Perinatal | ESPE2015

Genetic Variation in the FSH Signalling Pathway Affects Female Reproductive Hormones During Infancy

Henriksen Louise S , Hagen Casper P , Assens Maria , Almstrup Kristian , Main Katharina M

Background: Studies have shown that genetic variations in the FSH pathway (SNPs: FSHB −211G>T, FSHR −29G>A, and FSHR 2039A>G) affect peripubertal levels of serum FSH and age at pubertal onset in girls.Objective and hypotheses: Genetic variations in the FSH pathway reflect circulating levels of female reproductive hormones during the postnatal gonadotropin surge.Method: Blood samples were taken in girls of th...

hrp0092fc14.2 | GH and IGF2 | ESPE2019

Pubertal Onset in 1572 Girls with Short, Normal and Tall Stature: Associations to Height, Serum IGF-I and PAPP-A2 Genotypes

Upners Emmie N , Busch Alexander S. , Almstrup Kristian , Petersen Jørgen Holm , Main Katharina , Jensen Rikke Beck , Juul Anders

Background: Sexual maturation is closely linked to growth, suggesting common pathways between the reproductive development and the growth hormone/insulin-like growth factor-I (GH/IGF-I) axis. IGF-I bioavailability is regulated by Pregnancy associated plasma protein-A (PAPP-A), Pregnancy associated plasma protein-A2 (PAPP-A2) and Stanniocalcin 2 (STC2). A large genome-wide association study (GWAS) identified PAPP-A, PAPP-A2 and STC2 to represent loci strongly a...

hrp0086fc12.6 | Neuroendocrinology | ESPE2016

Pubertal Onset in Boys is Influenced by BMI and Genetic Variation of Fshb and Fshr: A Study in Two Population-Based Cohorts of Different Genetic Ancestry

Busch Alexander S. , Hagen Casper P. , Main Katharina M. , Almstrup Kristian , Pereira Anita , Corvalan Camila , Mericq Veronica , Juul Anders

Background: Age at onset of puberty exhibits a remarkable variation mirroring nutritional, environmental, socioeconomic and genetic factors. While large genome-wide association studies identified more than hundred genetic loci associated with age at menarche in girls, knowledge on loci associated with age at pubertal onset in boys is sparse. FSHB/FSHR genetic variants have been shown to affect pubertal timing in girls and reproductive parameters in men.<p class="a...

hrp0084p2-526 | Puberty | ESPE2015

Serum AMH Levels are Lower in Healthy Boys Who Develop Pubertal Gynaecomastia

Mieritz Mikkel G , Hagen Casper P , Almstrup Kristian , Petersen Jorgen H , Raket Lars L , Sommer Stefan H , Juul Anders

Background: Pubertal gynaecomastia is thought to be a clinical sign of an oestrogen-androgen imbalance, affecting up to 60% of boys. In most cases no underlying endocrinopathy can be identified. In boys, Anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) is produced by immature Sertoli cells and circulating level decreases as testosterone increases during pubertal maturation. In a previous cross sectional study we found significant lower levels of AMH in boys with pubertal gynaecomastia (Mieri...

hrp0094fc9.5 | Growth Hormone and IGFs | ESPE2021

Dynamic Changes in Growth and IGF-I During the First Year of Life; A Longitudinal Study of 233 healthy Danish Infants

Upners Emmie N. , Ljubicic Marie L , Busch Alexander S , Fischer Margit B , Almstrup Kristian , Petersen Jorgen H , Jensen Rikke B , Hagen Casper P , Juul Anders ,

Background: Growth during infancy is a continuation of the rapid fetal growth and its regulation is complex and multifactorial. It is well-established that insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and its regulators (e.g. IGF binding proteins (IGFBP-3) and pregnancy-associated plasma protein-A2 (PAPP-A2)) are important for prenatal and postnatal growth; however, their significance for growth during infancy is not fully explored.Aims: The aim...

hrp0082ha2 | Pubertal onset in girls is strongly influenced by genetic variation in promoters affecting FSH action | ESPE2014

Pubertal Onset in Girls is Strongly Influenced by Genetic Variation in Promoters Affecting FSH Action

Hagen Casper P , Sorensen Kaspar , Aksglaede Lise , Mouritsen Annette , Mieritz Mikkel G , Tinggaard Jeanette , Wohlfart-Veje Christine , Petersen Jorgen H , Main Katharina M , Meyts Ewa Rajpert-De , Almstrup Kristian , Juul Anders

Background: FSH stimulates ovarian follicle maturation and estradiol synthesis which is responsible for breast development. Age at pubertal onset varies substantially among healthy girls. Although more than half of the variation is heritable, only a small part has been attributed to specific genetic polymorphisms identified so far.Objective and Hypotheses: We assessed the effect on pubertal onset of three genetic polymorphisms affecting FSH action.<p...