Background: The aim of the study was to describe the incidence and prevalence trends of diabetes mellitus (DM) type 1 in children of different age groups in Ukraine during 20022012.
Objective and hypotheses: Ukraine has a 25 districts, with a population of 45 553 000, including 7 971 638 children.
Method: We analyzed data based on a clinical diagnosis in child population aged 017 years old centrally from all regions of Ukraine during 20022012. The prevalence and incidence of DM1 were studied in children aged 017 years old and in different age groups (06, 714, and 1517 years old).
Results: Based on the Ukrainian Pediatric Diabetes Register the number of children with DM1 017 years old in 2012 was 8178 (one in 975), with DM2 64 (one in 124 557), with neonatal diabetes 32 reported cases (one in 249 113). Among DM1 group the number of children without chronic complication was 58.3%, HbA1c level was 8.72±1.3% (vs 7.09±1.23% in DM2 group, P<0.05). During 20022012 the prevalence and incidence of DM1 in pediatric population 017 years old has greatly increased from 7.77 to 10.26 and from 1.0 to 1.42 (per 1000) accordingly, especially in the youngest age group (06 years old) [Figs 1 and 2].
Conclusion: In recent years incidence rate of childhood DM1 continues to rise, especially in children aged 06 years old (vs 1517 years old) on a background of decreasing of the total child population. The annual increase of incidence of DM1 in 2012 was 2.98%.
Figure 1 Incidence of DM1 in different age groups (per 1000 population).
Figure 2 Prevalence of DM1 in different age groups (per 1000 population).
20 - 22 Sep 2014
European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology