Results of epidemiological studies of 540 917 years old school children in Ternopil city are presented in this article. The aim is to determine the incidence of overweight, obesity, metabolic syndrome and hypertension among Ternopil schoolchildren and to trace clinical and phenotypic features of these pathological conditions among them. The results showed that the incidence of overweight among schoolchildren is 11.1% and obesity is 4.8% (11.8% of girls and 14.8% of boys). Boys develop obesity three times more often than girls and are overweight 1.4 times more often than girls, while frequency of underweight is independent of gender. In pubertal period boys develop obesity three times more often: 7.3% of boys and 2.3% of girls (F=0.523 P<0.05) and more often are overweight (11.1 and 6.4% respectively). In general, abdominal obesity of children and adolescents was found in 4% of boys and in 1.9% of girls. The incidence of abdominal obesity (as a marker of metabolic syndrome) among overweight schoolchildren is 19.3% among the examined boys and 18.5% among girls. There is direct relationship between BMI and blood pressure values, which is more pronounced among boys than among girls. Every second obese boy has labile hypertension, while among obese girls 50% had normal blood pressure, and only every sixth girl had high normal blood pressure.
01 - 03 Oct 2015
European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology