ESPE Abstracts (2015) 84 P-3-779

Effects of Educational Interventions for Children and Adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus

Abeer Atefa, Mona Attiaa, Amany Ibrahima, Shaimaa Ibrahimb, Wafaa Dowidarb & Sameh Tawfikb


aCairo University, Cairo, Egypt; bMaadi Hospital, Cairo, Egypt


Background: Is to evaluate of the quality of the current education program for diabetic children and their parents at Diabetes Endocrine and Metabolism Pediatric Unit (DEMPU).

Objective and hypotheses: Is to evaluate of the quality of the current education program for diabetic children and their parents at DEMPU.

Method: The present study was an observational longitudinal study conducted on 100 cases of T1D admitted in DEMPU inpatient section, using a questionnaire covering all aspects of the program solved before and after attending 5 days education sessions.

Results: Marked increase in diabetic knowledge after attending education program, as 95% of interviewed parents knew how to prevent hypoglycaemia at night, 97% of them knew that diabetic parents were not responsible for affection of their children with diabetes, 94% of them mentioned that their schools were aware about the child disease and 92% of them allow their children to share in school activities. There was no significant difference between different social classes in understanding education program. Linear regression analysis showed that the only factor which has an effect on HbA1c was total post education score.

Conclusion: The efficient points of the education program at DEMPU were identified and included knowledge about nature of T1D, role of family history in developing T1D, awareness of symptoms of hypoglycaemia, how to prevent hypoglycaemia during sports and at night, school awareness of the disease and sharing school activities, while the weak point in this program was defective.

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