hrp0092p2-227 | Pituitary, Neuroendocrinology and Puberty | ESPE2019

Screening of Central Precocious Puberty (CPP) in Females: Efficacy of Morning Unstimulated Luteinizing Hormone (mLH) Levels

Baronio Federico , Ortolano Rita , Tonti Giacomo , Vestrucci Benedetta , Cassio Alessandra

Introduction: The gonadotropin releasing hormone stimulation test (GnRHST) is commonly used to screen CPP. Some recent studies reported that morning unstimulated luteinizing hormone levels may be sufficient to discriminate pubertal from prepubertal children. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical efficacy of mLH to screen CPP in femalesPatients and Methods: We retrospectively studied the clinical and hormonal ...

hrp0095p1-406 | Adrenals and HPA Axis | ESPE2022

Salt-wasting in newborns due to adrenal dysfunctions other than 21 OH Congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) : a single center experience

Baronio Federico , Ferrari Vittorio , Maltoni Giulio , Alqaisi Randa , Cassio Alessandra

Introduction: Salt wasting is a potentially life-threatening condition in the newborn period. Other than 21 OH-CAH other rarer adrenal causes should be considered in the differential diagnosisObjective: To report the laboratory, clinical features, management and genotype of a series of consecutive patients who showed up at our Center for a salt wasting syndrome in the last 32 years, excluding patients with 21 OH CAH....

hrp0095p1-341 | Pituitary, Neuroendocrinology and Puberty | ESPE2022

Proposal of a diagnostic flow-chart for the diagnosis of central precocious puberty (CPP) in females

Baronio Federico , Ortolano Rita , Candela Egidio , Bernardini Luca , Cassio Alessandra

Introduction: in females with precocious thelarche (PT) (< 8 years), elevation of morning luteinizing hormone levels (mLH) may be indicative of pubertal activation of the pituitary gonadal axis. However, this approach could not be satisfactory in real life management of PT due to the risk of reduced specificity and sensitivity of the mLH thresholds. We propose a diagnostic flow-chart based on basal and stimulated gonadotrophins integrated with bone age and ...

hrp0089p3-p267 | Multisystem Endocrine Disorders P3 | ESPE2018

Unusual Clinical Presentation of Autoimmune Polyendocrinopathy Type 1

Baronio Federico , Ortolano Rita , Ferrari Simona , Cassio Alessandra , Maltoni Giulio , Tonti Giacomo , Balsamo Antonio

Background: Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy candidiasis ectodermal dystrophy (APECED) or autoimmune polyendocrinopathy type 1 (APS-1) is a rare monogenic autosomal recessive disease due to pathogenic variants in the AIRE gene. APECED usually begins during early childhood with chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC), followed by hypopathyroidism (HP) and Addison’s disease (AD); however, other endocrine and non-endocrine components may occur with a different prevalen...

hrp0086p1-p364 | Gonads &amp; DSD P1 | ESPE2016

Genotyping Patients with Differences of Sex Development: 25 Years of Investigation of an Italian Population of 308 Cases (194 46,XY and 114 46,XX)

Baldazzi Lilia , Menabo Soara , Baronio Federico , Ortolano Rita , Cassio Alessandra , Mazzanti Laura , Balsamo Antonio

Background: Differences of sex development (DSDs) (conditions with atypical development of chromosomal, gonadal or anatomic sex) are classified into three groups: sex chromosome DSD, 46,XYDSD and 46,XX DSD. Around 1 newborn in 5000 presents ambiguous genitalia with a major challenge for male or female assignment. The identification of a genetic cause can contribute to a correct diagnosis and to optimize both management and genetic counselling.<p class="abs...

hrp0086p2-p835 | Syndromes: Mechanisms and Management P2 | ESPE2016

Turner Syndrome: Does GH Treatment Influence Glucose Homeostasis?

Baronio Federico , Lupi Fiorenzo , Girtler Ylenia , Tamburrino Federica , Maltoni Giulio , Scarano Emanuela , Mazzanti Laura , Radetti Giorgio

Background: Growth hormone (GH) has been shown to reduce insulin sensitivity in Turner girls, however a compensatory increase of insulin secretion by pancreatic beta cells usually occurs, probably stimulated by GH itself. Oral disposition index (ODI) express the capacity of beta cells to adapt to insulin sensitivity.Objective and hypotheses: To study longitudinally the insulin sensitivity (HOMA-S), the insulin secretion (IGI) and the ODI in a group of gi...

hrp0082p1-d1-204 | Reproduction | ESPE2014

The Influence of GH Treatment on the Oral Disposition Index in Turner Syndrome Girls and in GH Deficient Children: 8 Years of Follow-Up

Baronio Federico , Lupi Fiorenzo , Siroli Benedetta , Longhi Silvia , Tamburrino Federica , Scarano Emanuela , Mazzanti Laura , Radetti Giorgio

Background: GH has been shown to influence glucose homeostasis through a negative effect on insulin sensitivity followed by a compensatory increase of insulin secretion. However it has been recently reported, in animals and in humans, that GH might stimulate insulin secretion also through a direct effect on the growth and on the function of the pancreatic β cell.Objective and hypotheses: To study longitudinally the insulin sensitivity (HOMA-S), the ...

hrp0082p3-d1-628 | Adrenals &amp; HP Axis | ESPE2014

Familial Glucocorticoid Deficiency: Masked Diagnosis by Hydrocortisone Life-Saving Treatment

Baronio Federico , Marsigli Angelica , Bettocchi Ilaria , Tassinari Davide , Mazzanti Laura , Metherell Louise , Balsamo Antonio

Background: Familial glucocorticoid deficiency (FGD) is a rare and potentially life-threatening disease, characterized by adrenal insufficiency without mineralocorticoid deficiency. It is diagnosed during the neonatal period but also in childhood. Manifestations are recurrent hypoglycemia, seizures or even coma, chronic fatigue, recurrent infections and skin hyperpigmentation. Mutations on mineralocorticoid receptor 2 (MC2R) gene and on melanocortin-2 receptor accesso...

hrp0084p3-631 | Autoimmune | ESPE2015

Oocyte Cryopreservation in a Patient with Premature Ovarian Failure due to Autoimmune Polyendocrine Syndrome Type 2

Balsamo Claudia , Porcu Eleonora , Baronio Federico , Forchielli Luisa , Bazzocchi Antonia , Mazzanti Laura , Cassio Alessandra

Background: Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type 2 (APS2) is a complex disorder characterised by the obligatory occurrence of Addison disease in combination with thyroid autoimmune disorder and/or type 1 diabetes. APS 2 is the most common autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome and is primarily manifest in adult age. Premature ovarian failure (POF) is defined as sustained amenorrhea before the age of 40 years, FSH levels higher than 40 UI/l and hypoestrogenism associated with infe...

hrp0089p2-p033 | Adrenals and HPA Axis P2 | ESPE2018

Quantitative Ultrasound Evaluation in a Cohort of 43 Young Adults with Classical CAH due to 21-Hydroxylase Deficiency (21OHD): Is Bone Mineral Quality Impaired?

Baronio Federico , Balsamo Antonio , Ortolano Rita , Massaccesi Nicoletta , Bettocchi Ilaria , Zioutas Maximiliano , Maltoni Giulio , Zucchini Stefano , Cassio Alessandra

Background: In young adults patients (pts) with CAH due to 21OHD few and conflicting data have been reported on bone mineral quality (BMQ) evaluated by quantitative ultrasound (QUS).Objective and hypotheses: To evaluate the bone mineral status by QUS variables assessed at proximal phalanges of the hand in a cohort of young adults with classical CAH due to 21OHD and the possible associations with their clinical and metabolic features.<p class="abstext...