hrp0082p3-d1-670 | Bone | ESPE2014

Primary Hypomagnesaemia with Secondary Hypocalcaemia (HSH): an Uncommon Diagnosis for a 2 Month Old Afro-Caribbean Formula Fed Infant Presenting with Seizures

Ihe Chibuzor , Kalitsi Jennifer , Kapoor Ritika , Buchanan Charles

Background: HSH is a rare condition, first described by Paunier et al. (1968). It is an autosomal recessive disorder arising from impaired intestinal absorption of magnesium (Mg) together with renal Mg loss due to a re-absorption defect in the distal convoluted tubule. Mutations in the TRPM6 gene (Chr9q21) (OMIM #607009) have been identified as the underlying genetic defect. A review of 28 affected individuals (21 families) showed median age of diagnosis of 2 months, ...

hrp0095p1-191 | Thyroid | ESPE2022

Hyperthyroidism leading to Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension in a Child – A Case Report

Agrawal Pankaj , R Kapoor Ritika , A Chapman Simon , Wei Christina , R Buchanan Charles , Bhushan Arya Ved

Introduction: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) is a rare neurological condition characterized by raised intracranial pressure (ICP) in the absence of hydrocephalus, brain parenchymal lesion, vascular malformation, or central nervous system (CNS) infection. Hyperthyroidism is a rare but known cause of raised ICP in children and adults, with only a few case reports in the paediatric population. We describe a 7-year-old boy with IIH associated with hype...

hrp0092p2-231 | Pituitary, Neuroendocrinology and Puberty | ESPE2019

Macroprolactinoma Presenting with Pituitary Apoplexy Associated with Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction in an Adolescent Male

Newbold Sally , Arya Ved Bushan , Kapoor Ritika , Thomas Nick , Fox Krystal , Aylwin Simon , Buchanan Charles

Background: Pituitary apoplexy is a clinical syndrome caused by haemorrhage of the pituitary gland, typically characterised by acute confusion, headache, vomiting and visual disturbance. It is regarded as a medical emergency. It is rare in childhood and adolescence, occurring in association with pituitary tumours. We report an unusual case of pituitary apoplexy associated with a cerebral infarction secondary to internal carotid artery compression.<p class=...

hrp0082p1-d3-91 | Diabetes (2) | ESPE2014

Feasibility and Acceptability of Robot Assistant in Self-management of Type 1 Diabetes in Children

Al-Taee Majid , Abood S , Garrett Christopher , Choudhary Pratik , Kapoor Ritika R

Background: Robot assisted therapy has the potential to provide emotional and educational support to young patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM).Objective: To investigate the attitudes of children and young people with T1DM and that of their parents towards the concept of utilising a humanoid robot as an assistant in the management of their diabetes.Methods: A humanoid robot programmed to help self-management of T1DM at home was int...

hrp0082p2-d3-499 | Endocrine Oncology | ESPE2014

GH-Secreting Pituitary Adenoma with Gigantism: a Challenging Case

Chinoy Amish , Ismail Dunia , Kalitsi Jennifer , Gordon Nadia , Bullock Peter , Kapoor Ritika , Aylwin Simon , Buchanan Charles

Background: Pituitary gigantism is a rare condition that occurs due to excessive GH secretion during childhood, usually associated with a pituitary adenoma. We describe a case that required the full spectrum of standard therapeutic options available.Case report: A 15-year-old boy presented with a 3-year history of intractable occipital headaches and being psychologically distressed by his tall stature (203 cm). He had mild clinical features of GH excess....

hrp0092p1-215 | GH and IGFs (1) | ESPE2019

Acromesomelic Dysplasia, Type Maroteaux (AMDM): Impact of Long-term (8 years) High-dose Growth Hormone Treatment on Growth Velocity and Final Height in Two Siblings

Arya Ved Bhushan , Raj Meena , Kapoor Ritika R , Chapman Simon A , Younes Maha , Irving Melita , Buchanan Charles R

Introduction: Acromesomelic dysplasia, type Maroteaux (AMDM) is a rare autosomal recessive skeletal dysplasia, characterized by severe dwarfism and disproportionate shortening of the extremities, predominantly affecting middle and distal limb segments. It results from loss-of-function mutations affecting the C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) receptor (NPR-B), a transmembrane guanylyl cyclase receptor encoded by the NPR2 gene. Resistance to growth hormo...

hrp0084fc9.4 | Beta cell disorders | ESPE2015

Novel Molecular Mechanisms of Congenital Hyperinsulinism due to Autosomal Dominant Mutations in ABCC8

Nessa Azizun , Aziz Qadeer , Thomas Alison , Harmer Stephen , Flanagan Sarah , Ellard Sian , Kapoor Ritika , Tinker Andrew , Hussain Khalid

Background: Dominant mutations in ABCC8 can cause congenital hyperinsulinism (CHI), which is characterised by unregulated insulin secretion.Objective and hypotheses: To understand the molecular basis of medically unresponsive CHI due to dominant ABCC8 mutations.Method: We investigated ten patients with diazoxide unresponsive CHI who required a near total pancreatectomy. DNA sequencing revealed seven dominant heter...

hrp0084p1-28 | Diabetes | ESPE2015

Clinical Characterisation of a Novel RFX6 Mutation – A Rare Cause of Neonatal Diabetes Syndrome

Cheung Moira , Chapman Simon , Hunt Katie , Makin Erin , Hickey Ann , Hind Jonathan , Ellard Sian , Buchanan Charles , Kapoor Ritika

Background: Mitchell Riley syndrome is a rare syndrome caused by mutations in the RFX6 gene, resulting in neonatal diabetes, intestinal atresia, pancreatic abnormalities, and biliary hypoplasia. RFX6 is a winged helix transcription factor that is expressed in the developing pancreas and in the gut endoderm. Previous eight case reports highlight poor outcomes with usually a fatal course in infancy.Case presentation: Twin 2 of a dichorion...

hrp0089p2-p318 | Pituitary, Neuroendocrinology and Puberty P2 | ESPE2018

SOX3 Gene Duplication Associated with Midline CNS Malformations, Hypopituitarism and Neurodevelopmental Abnormalities: 5 Unrelated Cases

Chawla Garima , Nambisan Aparna K.R. , Arya Ved B. , Muhi-Iddin Nadia , Vamvakiti Katia , Ajzensztejn Michal , Hulse Tony , Buchanan Charles R. , Kapoor Ritika R.

Introduction: Duplications of SOX3 at Xq27.1 are known to be associated with a spectrum of midline defects, isolated/multiple pituitary hormone deficiencies and learning difficulties. We report 5 cases of SOX3 duplication with hypopituitarism and differing presentations. 1)Male neonate presented with poor feeding and prolonged jaundice. Investigations revealed central hypothyroidism and inadequate cortisol response to Synacthen. Appropriate hormone replacemen...

hrp0089p2-p325 | Pituitary, Neuroendocrinology and Puberty P2 | ESPE2018

Growth Hormone (GH) Secreting Pituitary Adenomas in Paediatric Practice: 5 Cases Over 20 Years in a Single Tertiary NeuroEndocrine Centre

Brooker Elspeth , Munshid Sarrah El , Arya Ved , Kalitsi Jennifer , Ismail Dunia , Kapoor Ritika , Bullock Peter , Thomas Nick , Mandeville Henry , Aylwin Simon , Buchanan Charles

Background: Pituitary adenomas secreting GH rarely present in childhood. We report the clinical features, management and outcome of the 5 cases referred to a tertiary Paediatric Endocrine/Neurosurgical service over a 20-year period.Patients: **4 Male:1 Female - all aged 15 years at referral. Tanner puberty stages G3-5; B3. Clinical follow-up data range 2 months – 8 years.Clinical features at presentation: Headache, n=...