ESPE Abstracts (2021) 94 P2-211

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Department of Human Pathology of Adulthood and Childhood, University of Messina, Messina, Italy.


Background: The social consequences of COVID-19 pandemic are universally known. In particular, the pediatric population is dealing with a radical lifestyle change. For some risk categories, such as overweight and obese children, the impact of home confinement has been greater than for others. Not only have the increased sedentary life, the wrong diet and social distancing stopped the chance of losing weight, but also worsened the general life conditions.

Methods: Data show the differences between 40 obese and overweight pediatric patients of our Clinic in Messina (Italy). We evaluated weight, height, BMI and other biochemical parameters, such as total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, triglyceride, transaminases, glycemia and insulinemia. After the lockdown, we contacted all patients in order to get some information about diet, physical activity and sedentary lifestyle changes in correlation to the level of their parents’ instruction. Additionally, we evaluated 20 children twice from a clinical and laboratory perspective.

Results: The study showed an increase of daily meals during COVID-19 lockdown (3.2 ± 0.4 vs 5 ± 1, P ˂ 0.001). In particular, children whose parents have primary school diploma ate a greater significant number of meals during the lockdown, compared to the others who have parents with secondary school diploma (P = 0.0019). In addition, the 95% of patients did low physical activity during the lockdown and the 97.5% spent more time in sedentary activity. Even if BMI’s values don’t show significant differences, they have increased after the lockdown. We didn’t find any correlation between biochemical parameters before and after the lockdown.

Conclusion: The lockdown has had bad consequences on good style of life’s maintenance in overweight and obese children. The absence of a significant correlation between the worsening of biochemical parameters and the lockdown doesn’t allow to exclude any long-term consequences. It’s safe to assume that, if the hours spent in sedentary activity and the number of meals do not diminish there will probably be repercussions on the biochemical parameters.

Volume 94

59th Annual ESPE (ESPE 2021 Online)

Online,
22 Sep 2021 - 26 Sep 2021

European Society for Paediatric Endocrinology 

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